The Maoists

By Radharao Gracias
02 July 2010 21:42 IST

I grew up in the sixties and the seventies of the last millennium. And those were wonderful years to grow up in. There was revolution in the air. Everywhere. The world was split between east, west, capitalists, communists. 

The east was red. The west was bad. Left was right. Right was wrong. Young people tended or pretended to be communists, socialists or some type of leftists. Coffee table discussions centered around liberation theology, motorcycle diaries, little red book, das capital. Environmentalists were just waking up. Silent spring was in the air. Just about. 

Now things have changed in Goa. In just a generation. Everything is for sale. Land. Votes. Honour. Moralilty. Everyone has become a broker. And Goa has gone broke ! 

Leftists strode the world stage. A thousand flowers were abloom; in China. In chairman Mao's garden. Ho Chi Minh had sent the returning French; into oblivion. Americans were soon to taste their first defeat; in Vietnam. Patrick Lumumba was spreading revolution; in Congo. Kwame Nakruma had hoisted the red flag; in Ghana. Che Guevara had just been martyred; somewhere in South America. Death conferred upon him; a halo. Fidel Castro was undisputed leader in Cuba. His business to export revolution; duty free. 

Kanu Sanyal and Charu Mazumdar threatened to paint India red. Cultural revolution was unsettling China. Naxalbari was exploding in India. The cultural revolution went its full course and cleansed China. Superstition wrapped in ritual continues to holds sway; in India. As custom. As tradition. As religion. Naxalbari was pacified. But the issues raised, remained dormant. The embers of Naxalbari are reigniting now. Will the elusive revolution finally materialize? Are the Maoists completely in the wrong? Is there substance in their struggle? 

Life started in the raw for India, China, Korea, Taiwan, others post Second World War. These have emerged into the first world. The thousand flowers that bloomed in China have now borne fruit. China is a super power. 

We take pride that our democracy has survived. Rightly so. We have survived. So what? Life is not merely a matter of survival. Have we thrived? The cockroach too has survived. Two million years ! It is still a cockroach. We have created a middle class of two hundred million.  More than the combined population of England, France and Germany. Yes, and we have also created an underclass of a billion people. Twice the population of Europe. What has democracy achieved for the underclass after independence ?   

The Maoists are propounding violence to overthrow the system. We abhor violence. We are heirs of Gandhi. Only when it suits us. What chance does the billion strong underclass has to improve its lot within the system? Nothing positive has happened in the last sixty years. Nothing may happen in the next sixty. 

The entrenched establishment is difficult to dislodge through the constitutional process. Those who hold levers of power manipulate or moneypulate to keep others out. The Congress is so well entrenched that despite majority of the people not supporting it, it still clings to power. The BJP is the saffron side of the same coin. How do those who have been deprived the benefits of development secure power within the system? There is certainly a theoretical way. We have assured equality before the law. Everybody can contest elections. But to win you need much more. 

Those who have taken up arms against the State are the frustrated elements from the billion strong underclass. If the system does not find a solution then the solution will come from outside the system. The establishment will oppose. Violence will follow. Is the State entitled to use violence to maintain a system which has created a billion strong underclass? The question needs an answer. 

Like Mao had for China, Nehru had a vision for India. And indeed he had a vision. But it did not proceed beyond his loins. The fourth generation of Nehrus is now set to usurp power. Through constitutional means ! 

The Maoists are a threat. To those who share Nehru's vision. And to you. And to me. To the underclass they may be saviours. Yet.

Disclaimer: Views expressed above are the author's own.

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Radharao Gracias

Radharao F.Gracias is a senior Trial Court lawyer and ex President of the South Goa Advocates Association. He is also former independent MLA of Goa. He has been an activist on issues related to Goa for more than three decades.

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Dear Adv. Gracias,

You have brilliant ideas! The UGDP is alive until today thanks to Adv. Viegas & You. Now that your party is in search for a new leader why don't you approach Dr. Oscar Rebello? (Dr. Francisco Colaco, Sabina Martins, Remo Fernandes, Hema Sardessai, Lendel Rodrigues, Ramakant Khalap, Vishwas Prabhudessai, Nirmala Sawant,...)You could approach all NGOs too and thus create a force to protect Goa and goan interests under the legendry TWO LEAVES symbol. You should strive to take the party to every corner of Goa. Make it a party of NIZGOENKARS! All hindus, catholics, muslims & others (its law abiding non-goan population) who love Goa & goan culture, peace & harmony should come under one platform. All those who can't participate physically should do so financially. Goans are known for their generosity.

I am sure every true son & daughter of Goa & everyone who love Goa would contribute & do their best to protect their motherland. The UGDP should just have one agenda above all. FOR GOA & GOAN INTERTESTS! Today many MLAs from our present 40 MLAs have missed their mission. May be if I was one of them, however clean I am may be I too would have got a bit dirty (Isn't one apple enough to spoil the whole basket?).

So let us not just cry over spilt milk. We have to overhaul the whole system for the love of our motherland GOA & our future generations. If we have a will we can achieve our goal. I am a faithful Congressman right from (my adolescence period) the time when Froilano Machado had fought & got elected from the Cortalim constituency under the COW & CALF symbol.

I hope Sonia Gandhi is aware about the happenings in Goa and would understand my stand. I am proud of her. She is trying hard to do her best to achieve the late Rajiv Gandhi's dream to take India to the 21st century and is thus striving hard to serve the nation under the UPA.

But on the goan scenario, I am slowly loosing the hope in the Congress party. Under the Congress I see one solution to cleanse the whole system in Goa.

The NSUI or The Youth Congress should field 40 new candidates or support new faces. Only then a change may come!

I wish all the best to those who work tirelessly to bring some sense in goan politics.

I remain at your disposition if I can do something or contribute financially for this common cause.

God save Goa!

Jai Goa! Jai Hind!

[email protected]

- Francis Fernandes, Switzerland | 11 th July 2010 16:34


'...raising all those same questions as applied to Goa.' Please read'... contributing to all those questions he has raised as applied to Goa.'

- Kalidas, Panaji-Goa | 09 th July 2010 23:26


A lively article with too many true questions but no solutions nor hope nor even brighter side. This is typically a rebel's viewpoint (rebel for the sake of rebellion!) from somebody who has played his role in Goa's political ethos since seventies raising all those same questions as applied to Goa.

- Kalidas, Panaji, Goa | 09 th July 2010 17:38


Nicely written article!

May be such a rapid degeneration within a short time is unfortunate! The manipulation of the system to cling to power and to establish dynasty rule, the corrupt gaining social acceptance, division of the society vertically and horizontally on caste, religion, rich, poor, etc is disgusting. We blame the foreign powers all the time but what have we done in 60 years after gaining independence? Manipulated the system, brought in dynasty rule, divided the society on all possible lines, collected thousands of crores black money and deposited it in Swiss banks, made corruption appear a normal way of life, degenerated the judiciary by making the whole process so tardy as to deny justice to the common man for decades, made the life and property of a common man unsafe, made one section of the society to all the time fight with the other section, under the guise of serving the people, generated new feudal lords in form of the corrupt leaders to exploit the society ruthlessly! But we still never realize all this and continue to fight over trivial issues! May be we deserve this rot and dirt!

- James Silva, Margao | 04 th July 2010 17:11


Very nicely written brilliant article!

You are right.When the system commits injustice against a section of the people, they revolt against the system! China has progressed and is the super power in true sense.Even the US owes a huge debt to China and if this debt is sold by China in international market or if China demands it back from US, then the see how the dollar will crumble!

In American market one finds right from a needle to a computer all made in China at rates which are a fraction of the US made goods. Even in Indian markets one sees the invasion by the Chinese goods! For all this to happen it needs hard work by one and all. It needs honesty and integrity at all levels. I remember having read one news article a few years back when the drug controller of China was publicly hanged and what was the charge against him? That -three spurious drugs came in the market during his tenure!- And what is the conditions in the Indian markets? More than 30 percent of drugs are said to be spurious as per the reports appearing in new media! And is anybody really punished?

What happens to the population control in China? Not more than one child! Very strict enforcement as one can see the results!

Compare all this with our country! Everybody is free to produce kids as he wishes- it doesnot matter whether he is able to take care of them or not! And what are the consequences? Growing poverty, growing unemployment, thefts, robberies, crimes and overburdened education, health care, and other infrastructure!

I remember a few years back In Tinanmes square in China, the students were protesting against the communism, and this student movement was put down with a heavy hand!Many youth lost their lives! Compare this to, what happens when there is a bund or strike here? The public property like buses, trains etc are set on fire! does anybody think as to whose property we set on fire? And does any body get punishment? No. Never!

The Judicial system takes decades to give its verdict! Can this be called justice when it it is delayed for generations?

You are right, when the system is manipulated to take care of a few privileged, a time comes when the underprivileged have no option but to revolt against the system in what ever manner possible! And the neighboring countries like China. Pakistan, Bangladesh etc. would be too happy to aid these rebels all the time, to fuel the unrest! What happens to corruption here?Right from top to bottom, a good number of people are engaged in taking and giving bribes! How many honest people with integrity would you find here? It is a tragedy that the dishonest and corrupt people here gain social acceptance once they become rich! This is a sign of degenerated society!

But what are the remedies to cure all these ills? There are no easy solutions! May be the time itself will take care !

- vishwas prabhudesai, loliem | 03 rd July 2010 10:45


i think behind success of this politicians (churchill babush or mickey) brilliance of top Advogads( like Jethmalani, Radharao etc.) plays important role.

- sanjay dessai, curchorem Goa | 02 nd July 2010 23:51


brilliantly argued and hadsomely written senhor advogado... a genuine masterpiece.. however your nonsense in another recent article thrashing india mercilessly was without any reasoning or fundamentals... keep up your lively posts and provocative blogs.. and please please dont blow it by discussing these enlightened thoughts with the likes of churchill babush or mickey when they come grovelling to the UGDP in the summer of 2012

- oscar rebello, goa | 02 nd July 2010 22:12


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